Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques that deal in part with the unconscious mind, and which together form a method of treatment for mental disorders. Psychoanalysis can help people understand themselves by exploring their unrecognized impulses hidden in the unconscious.
Interpretation of Dreams
every dream has a connection point with an experience of the previous day. Though, the connection may be minor, as the dream content can be selected from any part of the dreamer's life.
Defence mechanisms are psychological strategies brought into play by the unconscious mind to manipulate, deny, or distort reality in order to defend against feelings of anxiety and unacceptable impulses and to maintain one's self-schema
The various psychoses involve deficits in the autonomous ego functions of integration of thought, in abstraction ability, in relationship to reality and in reality testing.
During psychoanalytic sessions, typically lasting 50 minutes, ideally 4–5 times a week, the patient may lie on a couch, and I may sit just behind and out of sight. The patient expresses their thoughts, including free associations, fantasies, and dreams, from which I infer the unconscious conflicts causing the patient's symptoms and character problems. Through the analysis of these conflicts, which includes interpreting the transference and countertransference (the analyst's feelings for the patient), I confront the patient's pathological defenses to help the patient gain insight.